Do you like it? Veto to the shit! Vete a la mierda! Suggest an example. To the shit with the money. A la mierda con el dinero. The case has left to the shit. El caso se ha ido a la mierda. Welcome to the shit , fish. Bienvenido a la mierda , pececito. But they always come back to the shit. Pero siempre vuelven a la mierda. Yeah, I'd like to introduce you to the shit button. We just got a front row seat to the shit show. Don't listen to the shit people say. No escuches la mierda de la gente.
Yeah, welcome to the shit -show. Retire it to the shit can. Retirarla a la mierda. First of all to the shits that took my family. Say hello to the Shit Sweeper! I'm about to be called to testify before a closed-door congressional committee thanks to the shit you pulled. The Tagalog language has developed a unique vocabulary since its inception from its Austronesian roots. The Filipino language incorporated Spanish loanwords as a result of years of contact with the Spanish language.
The adoption of the Abakada alphabet in  changed the spelling of most of the Spanish loanwords present in the Filipino language. The loanwords derived from the Spanish language have their original spellings indigenized according to the rules of the Abakada alphabet. Examples include:. Other loanwords derived from the Spanish language underwent spelling and pronunciation changes.
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Vowel changes can be observed to some of the Spanish words upon adoption into the Filipino language. Other words derived from Spanish underwent vowel deletion upon adoption into the Filipino language, such as the words pusta from Sp. Pascua and labi from Sp. The [r] to [l] consonant shift can be observed in the following words:.
Some Spanish-derived words have also undergone consonant or syllable deletion upon introduction to Tagalog like in the case of limos from Sp. Such is the case of the following words: kulani lymph node, from Sp. Example cases include ahedres from Sp. Others have morphed like 'ku ha nin' Sp.
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Combined together, it conveys the description of a meek, tame, harmless human with Tagalog adjective prefix and suffix added. The compound word batya't palo—palo , a must word in the laundry business where many Spanish words proliferate.
The words were taken from the Spanish batea for "washing tub" and palo for "stick" or "beater", something a typical Filipino might think had no Spanish provenance at all. Others are umpisa empieza , pulubi pobre , pader pared. Some have acquired an entirely new meaning, such as kursonada corazonada , originally meaning '"hunch" , which means "object of desire"; sospetsoso sospechoso is the "suspicious person" and not the "suspect" as in the original; insekto "insecto" , which still means "insect" but also refers to a "pesty clownish person"; or even sige sigue , a Spanish word for "continue" or "follow", which is now widely understood to mean "all right" or "go ahead".
For example, pakialamero from Tag. Daisysiete is a corruption and portmanteau of the English "daisy" and the Spanish diecisiete "seventeen" , now meaning a sweet and sexually desirable underaged below 18, hence the number female. Even after the Spanish era, Tagalog is still being influenced by Spanish as new words are coined, albeit along its own terms, viz. In a strange twist, even if Filipinos have a chance to Tagalized words using foreign words, currently English—their most accessible influence—they coin words in a uniquely Hispanizing way i. Or "basketbolista" from Eng.
Shared Definition precedes Nuanced Definition if both exist. Although the overall influence of Spanish on the morphosyntax of the Tagalog language was minimal,  there are fully functional Spanish-derived words that have produced syntactic innovations on Tagalog. All of the interrogative words used in Tagalog are non-Spanish in origin, with the exception of kumusta.
Index:Spanish/c - Wiktionary
Tagalog has several comparative markers that are etymologically derived from Spanish. The particle mas meaning "more", from Sp. Lastly, the word pareho from Sp. There are several Spanish-derived words that have acquired function as modals upon adoption in Tagalog.
Tagalog modals, including those that are etymologically derived from Spanish, can be classified into two main groups: words realizing deontic modality i. Deontic modality in Tagalog is realized through words which are grammaticized by Paul Schachter and Fe T. Otanes as "pseudo-verbs". Gusto is considered to be more commonly used than its other counterparts such as nais or ibig , since the latter two are both perceived as more formal than gusto and are more frequently used in writing than in speech. Another example is puwede from Sp. The word puwede co-exists with its non-Spanish-derived equivalent maaari and the two pseudo-verbs are deemed to have little semantic difference, with puwede only being considered usually as more colloquial and less formal than maaari.
Epistemic modality in Tagalog is realized through words functioning as adverbials. These words, when used as modals, are typically linked to the clause that they modalize through the Tagalog linker -ng or na. The word siguro from Sp. The word parang derived from Sp. Several conjunctions in Tagalog have Spanish-derived etymological roots. The Tagalog disjunctive conjunction o from Sp.
Two Spanish-derived counter-expectational adversative conjunctions used in Tagalog are pero from Sp. The Tagalog ni from Sp. When not repeated, ni assumes a scalar focus value stripped off of all its conjunction function, translatable to English as "not even". Maski from Sp. The Tagalog oras na from Sp. The Tagalog imbes na from Sp. The Tagalog para from Sp. However, if followed by the appropriate dative sa -marker, para assumes the role of a benefactive marker in Tagalog.
Upon adoption into Tagalog, a number of Spanish-derived terms underwent a process of semantic shift or change in meaning. A loanword is said to have undergone a semantic shift if its meaning in Tagalog deviates from the original meaning of the word in the source language in this case, Spanish.
A type of semantic shift is the so-called semantic narrowing , which is a linguistic phenomenon in which the meaning of a Spanish-derived word acquires a less general or inclusive meaning upon adoption into Tagalog.
Semantic narrowing occurs when a word undergoes specialization of usage. For example, the word kuryente meaning "electricity" or "electric current" comes from the Spanish word corriente , which is a general term to refer to any current, whether electric or not. Upon adoption of the word corriente into Tagalog as kuryente , it underwent a semantic narrowing and its usage became restricted to refer only to an electric current, unlike its Spanish counterpart.
Another example of a semantic narrowing is the Tagalog word ruweda meaning " Ferris wheel " , a term derived from the Spanish word rueda which refers to any kind of wheel. Upon adoption into Tagalog, ruweda underwent usage specialization and its meaning became restricted to the Ferris wheel. Semantic shift may also occur through semantic interference by another language, usually the English language.
This phenomenon can result into reinterpretation of a Spanish-derived term by attributing to it an English meaning upon assimilation into Tagalog. An example is the Tagalog word libre , which is derived from the Spanish translation of the English word free , although used in Tagalog with the meaning of "without cost or payment" or "free of charge", a usage which would be deemed incorrect in Spanish as the term gratis would be more fitting.
Another example is the Tagalog word iskiyerda , derived from the Spanish term izquierda meaning "left" as opposed to "right", although used in Tagalog with the meaning of "to leave". Here is the list of Spanish-derived words which underwent semantic shift upon assimilation into Tagalog:. Some of the Spanish loanwords in Tagalog appear in their pluralized form, marked with -s or -es.
However, in Tagalog, such words are not considered as plural and when they are pluralized in Tagalog, they need to be pluralized in the way that Tagalog pluralizes native words, i. Several Spanish verbs are also adopted into Tagalog. Such is the case of the following loanwords: almusal to have breakfast, from Sp.
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